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Indiana University Bloomington


South 1814

Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson

Battle of Horseshoe Bend

U.S. outrage at the so-called massacre at Fort Mims by the militant Creek group known as the Red Sticks, led to the call out of several militias from southern states who joined some army regulars in a retaliatory attack on the Red Stick settlement at Horseshoe Bend. Andrew Jackson, at this time a general in the Tennessee militia, led the attack on the fortified village which killed more than 800 of the Red Sticks. The defeat was devastating to the Creeks, and marked the beginning of the rise of Andrew Jackson who was soon promoted to Major General in the U. S. Army.