Expansion of the United States and the generation of capital for the new nation took place on stolen Native lands with the extraction of labor from oppressed peoples, primarily enslaved Africans and people of color. This troubled history produced zones of contestation. If you are interested in learning more, see our annotated bibliography exploring Afro-Indigenous intersections. This digital resource surveys the experiences of African Americans in seeking to acquire land and create communities to achieve economic independence, secure their right to full participation in US society, and express their claim to citizenship. We offer this resource as a means of fostering intercultural understanding, in the hopes that it will spur meaningful conversations, and help explore paths and policies to achieve reconciliation.